Talking with local people early May 2009, I was indicated the location of a former with
Khlong Hua Ro.

The site is situated in a "village" of tile and brick makers. This village is somehow special
as they use ancient techniques to make roof tiles. Orders are coming from all around the
country, even from Phuket, as it seems the only place in Thailand, which does it still in
the "old fashion way". The kiln site is located off the city island in Suan Phrik sub-district.

A sub-district government worker confirmed the existence of the former temple. There
were no remnants of the monastery left, but a commemorating shrine has been built in
situ. The site apparently has never been excavated and was not found on any map.

I interviewed locals at the kiln in the vicinity of the site and all confirmed the existence of
a temple. In situ is a small commemoration shrine near a Khoi tree, with a its foot some
broken parts of Buddha statues. Walls of these temple were still standing in the 1950's,
and the bricks were later sold and loaded on a boat anchored at the old
Lopburi River.
One local stated some bricks were delivered to
Wat Pom Raman (monastery in the
vicinity), including a large Buddha image without arms and legs cut off the knees. [1]

Wat Bua = Wat Khuha Sawan?

This is a tentative to prove that the site called by the local population Wat Bua might be
Wat Khuha Sawan or The Monastery of the Heavenly Cave from the old documents.

The old documents mention textually "the Lao Market above Wat Khuha Sawan".

Phraya Boran Rachathanin in his
Athibai Phaenthi Phra Nakhon Sri Ayutthaya [2]
mentions the monasteries, the markets etc in a structural way. If we look into the page
summing up the markets, the latter are listed from north to south in northern area of
Ayutthaya. First he lists Wat Phra Maha That market behind the (Northern) Royal Tax
station, which corresponds with the location of
Wat Tha Yak on the east bank of the old
Lopburi River; the second market (Laotian market) north of Wat Khuha Sawan; the
third market is situated at
Khlong Nam Ya (with its mouth at old Lopburi River).
Conclusion of the above is, that Wat Khuha Sawan likely was located along the old
Lopburi River between Wat Tha Yak and the mouth of Khlong Nam Ya.

At present Ban Khayai sub-district of Bang Pahan covers the east and west bank of the
new Lopburi River, south of Ko Duan; Ban Pho Sam Ton sub-district of Bang Pahan
covers the east and west bank of the old Lopburi river, while Ban Suan Phrik
sub-district of Ayutthaya seals off in the south. I found that the present administrative
structure was changed from the old one. The latter compasses Ban Pho Sam Ton on the
west bank of the old Lopburi River, Ban Khayai on the east bank of the new Lopburi
River, while Ban Lao was situated in between the new and the old Lopburi River; hence
north of the location of the above mentioned site. The indication of Ban Lao can be
found on mid-20th century military maps. The Lao market above Wat Khuha Sawan
(aka Wat Bua) makes as thus sense.

Remark 109 of Ref [2] opt that the temple was likely situated at the end of Khlong Sra
Bua. The site is exactly opposite the end of the Lotus Pond Canal. As was common in
earlier days, monasteries were set up along the main communication roads, hence
canals. The site is located near the confluence of Khlong Sra Bua and the old Lopburi
river. I have to conclude that this site is a very good match for the location of Wat
Khuha Sawan.


[1] Interview with locals on 27 April 2011 at the "Tile Village".
[2] Athibai Phaenthi Phra Nakhon Sri Ayutthaya kap khamwinitjai khong Phraya Boran
Racha Thanin - Explanation of the map of the Capital of Ayutthaya with a ruling of
Phraya Boran Rachathanin - Revised 2nd edition and Geography of the Ayutthaya
Kingdom - Ton Chabab print office - Nonthaburi (2007).
Text & photographs by Trick Vandenberg - May 2009
Updated May 2011, November 2013
Shrine east side
Shrine east side
(Shrine east side)
(Shrine east side)
Buddha image in the shrine
(Buddha image in the shrine)