DEFUNCT TEMPLE (2)





Engelbert Kaempfer was a medical doctor working for the Dutch VOC (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) who surveyed the city of Ayutthaya in June 1690 CE. He made a sketch during his walks in the city and afterwards drafted a map, which was not published at that time.


I compared his sketch with the later maps of Phraya Boran Rachathanin (1926 CE) and the maps of the Fine Arts Department.


In evaluating the different locations of the temples, I found a site not mentioned on any of the 19th, 20th or 21st-century maps.


This monastery is found on the sketch and the draft map from Kaempfer and indicated with two stupas. It stood on the bank of a canal branching off from Khlong Chakrai Yai (1). The temple was accessed via the Rong Krai Road by a bridge over the canal. Kaempfer counted 270 paces (about 200 metres) from the Khun Lok Bridge over Khlong Chakrai Yai to Wat Thong Pa Mo (defunct) and another 180 paces (about 135 metres) to this temple. The surgeon counted another 220 paces (165 metres) from the bridge in front of the temple to Maha Rathaya Road.


The monastery stood southwest of Wat Suan Luang Khangkhao (restored ruin), southeast of Wat Pa Fai (defunct) and east of Wat Thong Pa Mo.


The temple was situated along a road coming from a wooden bridge over Khlong Chakrai Yai called Khun Lok Bridge and connecting with Maha Rathaya street. The road was lined on both sides by a canal and could be reached from the monastery by a bridge.


The defunct monastery does not feature on any other maps.


The site must have been approximately in geographical coordinates: 14° 20' 42.00" N, 100° 33' 35.80" E.


Footnotes:


(1) Khlong Chakrai Yai is part of a waterway running through the west of Ayutthaya from north to south. The canal was the extension of Khlong Pak Tho and ran from the Lam Hoei Bridge to the Chakrai Yai Gate opposite Wat Phutthaisawan. The canal was a shortcut through the oxbow of the Lopburi River and connected the old Lopburi River, present Khlong Mueang in the north with - what is today - the Chao Phraya River in the south. Ban Chakrai was a village located on the city island but outside the city walls.