Text & photographs by Ken May - September 2009
Main chedi of Wat Worachetharam
The Buddha image of the prayer hall or vihara
The ordination hall or ubosot
View from the north-east
Satellite chedi on site

The site is indicated on a mid-19th century map in an identical position as on Phraya
Boran Rachathanin's map drafted in 1926. The mid-19th century map indicates the
existence of a chedi. On the latter map the monastery is called
Wat Chettharam
(วัดเชฐาราม), while on PBR's map it is called Wat Worachetharam (วัดวรเชษฐาราม).

The suffix "tharam" is used in Sanskrit  for a comparative and superlative form (great -
greater, strong - stronger).
Addendum & maps by Tricky Vandenberg
Updated 24 March 2016
WAT WORACHETTHARAM (วัดวรเชษฐาราม)
(View from the north-east)
(The ordination hall or ubosot)
(The Buddha image of the prayer hall or vihara)
(Satellite chedi on site)
(Main chedi of Wat Worachetharam)
Wat Worachettharam is located directly west of the Royal Palace. It is situated within
a protected park that includes
Wat Lokaya Sutha and Wat Rakhang (also known as
Wat Worapho). It is easiest to access this site via the western side of
Khlong Tho. There
is a small road leading to it. It can also be accessed from a second road running behind
the park, leading to
Wat Tuek and U-Thong Road.

Wat Worachettharam is a large, restored ruin with many architectural structures in situ.
One of its primary features is a large bell-shaped chedi that is constructed in the classic
Middle Ayutthaya period style. The spire contains about 25 rings, and its harmika is fully
intact - including spire-supporting colonnade. The chedi sits upon a reconstructed
platform. In front of the chedi is a sermon hall. This vihara has been rebuilt to the basic
foundation layer, which includes some partial walls and column stubs. A large Buddha
image sits on the altar in the Taming Mara pose. The ubosot lies north of the wihan. This
roofless building has all its walls intact, and there is evidence that ceramic plates were
once placed within the stucco of the gable. A second Buddha image sits on the altar in
the Taming Mara pose inside the ubosot. A gallery of fragmented Buddha images can be
seen on a small platform along the walls. A third sermon hall is north of the ubosot, but
this is only the reconstruction of the basic foundation layer.

There are other structures in situ as well. A square structure stands on the northeastern
corner of the ubosot. This looks like a former mondop or possibly a bell tower. Near
this is a rectangular platform containing two chedis. Both of these chedis have multiple
indented corners, which is suggestive of a Late Ayutthaya Period prang. However, the
upper portions are missing, including the relic chamber. In addition there are two
structures in situ that consist only of foundations at the ground level. A stub of a small
chedi can also be seen on monastery grounds. There are also traces of a moat that once
created an island for this temple to rest upon.

Wat Worachettharam is often confused with a monastery sharing a similar name that is
located west of the city island. This has led to many complications when interpreting
history as it relates to the two monasteries. The same facts are sometimes mistakenly
attributed to both temples. To be clear, this temple is referred to only as Wat
Worachettharam because that is how it is named on PBR’s 1926 map. The temple
situated west of the city will be mentioned as Wat Worachet, since Royal Chronicles
specifically mention a temple in the west with this name. Both monasteries are listed as
possible sites for containing King Naresuan’s ashes.

The Fine Arts Department has placed a plaque at Wat Worachettharam claiming that
King Ekathotsarot built it in 1605 for his brother, King Naresuan, who had died earlier
that year. Other resources claim that "Wat Worachet Thep Bamrung" was build by King
Ekathotsarot to commemorate his brother King Naresuan (TAT 126-127). The problem
is that the exact same information is attributed to both temples, and a reasonable
argument could be made to support either one.

The Royal Chronicles refer to an enormous and widely attended funeral ceremony held
in honor for King Naresuan in 1605 by his brother King Ekathotsarot. A temple was
built on the site of his cremation, which had a great and holy stupa with a holy relic of the
Buddha, dormitories, a wall-appropriate for the forest-dwelling sect of Buddhists, and a
complete edition of the Tripitaka. Forest monks were invited to live inside this chief
temple and supported with alms so that they would be supplied with food daily without
fail. Crown officials were appointed to this temple and endowed with Royal wealth
(Cushman 199-200).

There are several reasons to believe that Wat Worachettharam is where King
Naresuan's ashes remain. One is that the bell-shaped chedi was more commonly used
during the time of King Naresuan's demise. A second reason is that it is situated closer to
the Royal Palace, where the remains of other great Kings were placed. Why would King
Naresuan's ashes be placed in a remote location far off the city island to the west?
Perhaps the best argument on why King Naresuan's ashes may be located here is that
Wat Worachet already existed west of the city during his reign. Royal Chronicles
mention it in relation to a war with the Burmese in 1563-1564. The Burmese king sent
3,000 men, 700 war elephants, and 3,000 horses to Ayutthaya in hopes of conquering
the city. They set up many stockades around the city. The army of  the Phraya of
Bassein set up his stockade at Municipality of Prachet, also known as the
Monastery plain (Cushman 31-32). Why would King Ekathotsarot construct a great
memorial temple at Wat Worachet - a monastery already existing 41-42 years before
King Naresuan died?  

In addition, Wat Worachet is also mentioned as a possible location of the infamous
Picnic Incident that took place in 1636. This ill-fated event between Siamese and Dutch
traders was written about by Jeremias Van Vliet - a representative of the Dutch East
Indian Company (VOC) in Ayutthaya from 1633-1642. As the story goes, a number of
Dutch traders decided to enjoy a sunny picnic one December morning. Unfortunately,
two of the Dutchmen - Joost Laurentsz and Daniel Jacobsz - became very drunk and
started acting belligerently. The rest of the group excused themselves and departed by
boat. Meanwhile, the two Dutch drunkards went for a stroll, getting into several
altercations along the way. They called people bad names, invaded homes, stole food,
and eventually picked a fight with the heavily tattooed slaves of the prince - apparently
the two Dutch swiped away sabers and paddles and refused to give them back. Daniel
Jacobsz was immediately seized and taken to the Palace for punishment. Joost Laurentsz
escaped by jumping into the river, where he was later found still swimming - speechless
and exhausted - by the other Dutchmen (Baker 45-47). Despite his effort to escape,
Joost was also led to prison for his participation in the Picnic Incident.

King Prasat Thong ordered that both Dutch men be sentenced to death by elephant
trampling, but while they were lashed to a pole in the hot sun awaiting execution,
Jeremias Van Vliet, the company director, tried to save their lives. Van Vliet was
ultimately forced to bow in humiliation to King Prasat Thong and beg for their release.
The two men were let go, but Dutch authorities severely reprimanded Van Vliet for the
act of bowing to a foreign king. The Picnic Incident, however, like other historical events,
may have actually happened instead in the west at the Worachet. Reasonable arguments
can be made for either locations

In recent times, Thai visitors often place ceramic roosters on the large bell-shaped chedi
at Wat Worachettharam. This symbolizes King Naresuan’s enjoyment of cockfighting
and reflects the popular nationalistic legend that, while still a young boy forced to live in
Burma, he waged a bet with a Burmese prince for Ayutthaya’s freedom. The two
youngsters staged a cockfight to determine the city’s outcome, and the Burmese prince
lost the bet. These roosters started appearing after a popular movie about King
Naresuan was released.
Detail of a 19th century map
(Detail of a 19th century map - Courtesy of the Sam
Chao Phraya Museum - map is orientated S-N)
Detail of Phraya Boran Rachathanin's map - Anno 1926
(Detail of Phraya Boran Rachathanin's map - Anno
Detail of a 2007 Fine Arts Department GIS map
(Detail of a 2007 Fine Arts Department GIS map -
Courtesy of the Fine Arts Department - 3th Region)
(Source: Phra Rachawang lae Wat Boran nai Jangwat Phra Nakhon Sri Ayuthaya - 2511. Courtesy of the Fine Arts Department - 3th